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Russia Strategy of Kainuu for 2020
The Russia Strategy for 2020
The Kainuu region’s cooperation with Russia is coordinated by the document ”Russia Strategy of Kainuu for 2020”, which was accepted by the regional board in January 2014. The strategy aims to implement the objectives of the regional program by activating and diversifying the development in the region. Implementation of the Russia strategy will create new markets, businesses and jobs and strengthen the competitiveness of the region.
The strategy has been drawn up by a task force appointed by the Regional Board of Kainuu Joint Authority, chaired by Timo A. Säkkinen, the Provincial Counsellor and the secretary of the task force has been Paavo Keränen, the Regional Development Manager. Specialists of municipalities, businesses, the media, the Finnish customs and border protections, universities, regional development and local government have participated in the strategy work as members and experts of the task force.
The strengths of the Kainuu region according to the strategy:
Geopolitical location of Kainuu next to prosperous Russia
Russia's WTO Membership will increase the number of opportunities for cooperation
Vartius-Lyttä international railway and road border crossing point; direct transport links to the Barents region
Good neighbourly relations and active communication between authorities
The growth in trade and a positive experience from subcontracting cooperation
High quality of the construction sector in Kainuu
Growth and development of Kostomuksha
Abundant natural resources
High level of tourism and cultural events in Kainuu
Common Kalevala ethno cultural heritage on the oldest external border of EU
The weaknesses of the Kainuu region according to the strategy:
Inadequate infrastructure at the Vartius-Lyttä-Kivijärvi border crossing point in case of increase in traffic due to the visa-free regime
Limited resources of Kainuu, small number of Russia oriented companies, the lack of growing companies
The lack of Russia related services for SMEs
Skills for doing Russian business are not well developed
Inadequate marketing of products and services of Kainuu
The operators in the region do not understand the advantages and opportunities that the close location of the border offers
Depopulation, especially young people are moving out
The lack of knowledge of Russian language and culture
Negative image of Russia based on the past
Inadequate implementation of the Russia strategy of Kainuu for 2005-2012
The opportunities of the Kainuu region according to the strategy:
The visa regime will increase multiply the number of passengers compared to the current level
Economic growth of North-West Russia and international investments in the region highlight the importance of Vartius as a transportation channel
WTO will increase the opportunities for cross-border trade and freer movement of goods
Service infrastructure and transportation connections will be improved in the Northwestern Russia
Wood constructing and bio economy will open new opportunities for cooperation
The popularity of ecological nature, culture and shopping tourism will grow
Russian companies will establish themselves in Finland, also in Kainuu
EU Cross-border programmes (ENI) will continue
Barents cooperation, Euregio Karelia and EU cooperation will become closer
There will be highly educated Russian immigrants in Kainuu
There will be more focus on the Russian language and culture skills in the primary school
The threats of the Kainuu region according to the strategy:
Transnational cooperation and decisions are focused on the relations between Helsinki and Moscow
The effects of WTO membership are progressing slowly
The national decision-making does not support the regional cooperation
The cooperation between Finland and Russia is only a part EU policy, and the special status of Finland is not being exploited enough
EU funding is being cut down
Depopulation of competent and young people will continue
Importing of raw materials will become more difficult
Despite the Russia strategy of Kainuu, the passive attitude of region will continue
The Operational Programme
Developing business environment
The parties responsible: Municipalities of Kainuu, ELY-centre of Kainuu, Employment and Economic Development Office of Kainuu, Kainuun Etu Ltd, Regional Council of Kainuu, Kajaani University Concortium, Kajaani University of Applied Sciences, Kainuu Vocational College, ProAgria Kainuu.
Developing transport and logistics
The parties responsible: Regional Council of Kainuu, Regional Council of Northern Ostrobothnia, ELY Centers of Kainuu and Northern Ostrobothnia, Municipality of Kuhmo, Border and customs authorities.
The parties responsible: Kainuun Etu Ltd, tourism companies and joint marketing organizations of tourism, Kajaani University of Applied Sciences, Kainuu Vocational College, Metsähallitus Parks & Wildlife Finland: Ostrobothnia, ELY Centers of Kainuu and Northern Ostrobothnia. Taking into account the possible growth in tourism due to the visa-free regime.
Developing cross-border trade
The parties responsible: Kainuun Etu Ltd, Kajaani Subdivision of Oulu Chamber of Commerce, Kainuun Yrittäjät Association.
Developing expertise in Russia related issues in Kainuu
The parties responsible: Kajaani University Concortium, Kajaani University of Applied Sciences and Centre for Measurement and Information Systems CEMIS, Kainuu Vocational College ja Municipalities of Kainuu (grammar schools).
The parties responsible: Regional Council of Kainuu, municipalities, cultural actors in the region.
Developing services in the field of healthcare and well-being
The parties responsible: Kainuu Social and Health Care Joint Authority, private service providers.